History and Background:
Space Technology applications in Bangladesh started in 1968 through the establishment of APT ground station in the then Atomic Energy Centre. This station was put under SARC of the BAEC In 1972. Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) Programme was taken up in Bangladesh with the advent of American ERTS and it was renamed as (BLP) Bangladesh Land sat Programme with the renaming of the programme by NASA. SPARRSO was created in 1980 by merging SARC and BLP. The National Assembly passed an act in 1991 creating this organization. It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Defense.
Objectives of SPARSO:
- To apply space and remote sensing technology for surveying natural resources and monitoring the environment and natural hazards in the country for attaining sustainable development.
- To establish broad based space & remote sensing data acquisition, processing and dissemination system in the country.
- To act as the national focal point for space and remote sensing activities in the country and to provide the Government with relevant information for deciding national, regional and inter- national policy issues.
- To establish regional & international cooperation & collaboration for the peaceful uses of space science and technology.
Facilities Available in the Organization:
- Meteorological satellite ground station.
- Image processing and GIS facilities.
- Advanced cartography laboratory.
- Advanced photographic laboratory.
- Advanced hardware maintenance laboratory.
- Trained Manpower.
AS per the information’s provided on the official web portal of SPARRSO, the activities are:
- Survey and monitor the agricultural crops.
- Estimation of major crop yield: rice, wheat etc. particularly the winter crops
- This forecast is used to plan the food situation in the country and helps attain food security. The role of SPARRSO in this regard has been commended by the Government. Vegetation indices are calculated for the entire country.
- Satellite data on cloud formations in the region is received hourly and any impending disaster like depression, cyclone, floods etc are reported to the Govt. and also to BMD, BWDB, BAF and other relevant agencies. Cyclones of 1970, 1985 and 1991 were monitored. Floods of 1987, 1988, 1998 and 2004 were monitored.
- Climate change, Global warning, EL-Nino, Monsoons and Ecology.
- Digital map production on user required themes.
- Land use / Land cover Maps of different ecological zones.
- Coastal Afforestation Map.
- Administrative Unit Map.
- Accretion and Erosion Map.
- Infrastructure Map of different Upazila.
- Prepared forest cover map of Bangladesh.
- Completed monitoring of Coastal Mangrove Afforestation of the Department of Forest in two phases under World Bank assistance.
- Conducted survey of Modhupur Sal forest & other forests.
- Performed Timber Volume Inventory of Sundarban forest.
- Small & large water bodies were mapped for Fisheries Resources Survey Project of the Department of Fisheries.
- Updated Inventory of Inland Waters of three Districts.
- Shrimp farming studied in Satkhira, Chokoria and in the coastal region.
- Model on Suitable Site Selection of Shrimp farming using R/S and GIS in Coastal Areas.
- Prepared drainage pattern map of Bangladesh.
- Determined morphological changes of the Major rivers and Mapped small & large water bodies of the country and provided support to NWMP & FCD projects.
- Detected nature of fluvial Changes in the Jamuna: confluence movement, bank erosion, channel movement and island characteristics.
- Kaptai Lake and Hail haor studied.
source of the content and all the images of this post: SPARRSO. For further details please visit the web portal. Thanks a lot.
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